Rehabilitation of Shoulder Injuries

Eleni Tsagaris – Physiotherapist

Hands up if you’ve reached up to grab something from a shelf above only to feel a searing pain in your shoulder. Ouch!

The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint formed where the head of the humerus meets the glenoid of the scapula. The Shoulder Joint Complex is also compromised of the acromioclavicular joint where the clavicle and acromion joint and the acromion meets the coracoid process.

Other important structures involved in the Should Joint Complex include:

  • The Subdeltoid Bursa
  • The Subscapular Bursa
  • The Labrum
  • The Rotator Cuff muscles (supraspinatus, subscapularis, teres minor and infraspinatus)
  • Several ligaments such as the coracohumeral, acromioclavicular, trapezoid

The shoulder joint allows for a wide range of multi-directional movements. However, since it is a ball and socket joint, it is relatively unstable and is more susceptible to injury. Therefore, it requires more stabilisation to ensure that the humerus sits in the optimal position in the socket.

Stabilisation is achieved by correcting any strength or length imbalances in the shoulder joint muscles. These muscle imbalances are caused by poor posture, previous shoulder injury or dislocations.

The Role of Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is vital in the management and/or treatment of most shoulder injuries. Treatment is aimed at reducing pain, restoring muscle balance and improving range of motion. Treatment is extensive and may involve a combination of manual techniques (e.g. soft tissue therapy and dry needling), prescription of strengthening and stretching exercises, and taping.

For more information on how our Physiotherapists at Physio for Life can help you, please contact us at your local clinic to make an appointment.